Historical Calendar. National Historical Institute, Manila, 1996.
1559 King Philip II, on the advice of Andres de Urdaneta, orders Luis de Velasco, viceroy of Mexico, to prepare an expedition for the conquest and Christianization of the Philippines. 1802 Birth of Rosalio Serrano, surveyor and lexicographer. Died August 11, 1867. 1865 Birth of Simeon Ola, Katipunero, revolutionary army officer and municipal president of Guinobatan, Albay. Died on February 14, 1952. Birth of Estanislao de los Reyes, member of the Katipunan and governor of Ilocos Sur. Died on November 10, 1918. 1896 The revolutionary forces of Nueva Ecija, two thousand strong and led by General Mariano Llanera, besiege the Spanish garrison of San Isidro. Theirs leaders are on horseback, the revolutionaries were red ribbons and parade down the main roads to the music of the Cabiao band. Melchora Aquino, known as "Tandang Sora," is exiled to Guam for complicity with the Revolution. 1898 The First Battalion of the First Dakota Volunteer Infantry, disembarks at Manila. 1899 The revolutionaries make an unsuccessful attempt early in the morning to drive Colonel Smith's command out of Angeles with artillery, the first time in six months that they have attempted to use this weapon. They bring two Krupp guns from Porac and fire eight shells at the town. 1901 The Bureau of Public Lands is created for the administration of the public domain. 1945 The Pacific War ends as Japan formally surrenders.