Historical Calendar. National Historical Institute, Manila, 1996.
Published Friday, September 30, 2005 by jafiti.
1617 Jeronimo de Silva arrives and takes charge of the military affairs of the Philippines. He wins a victory over seven Dutch vessels off Corregidor. 1639 A royal cedula is issued providing that the inspection, weighing, and measuring of merchandise on board the galleons must be resorted to only when complaints are made about cargo exceeding its legal value. 1876 Birth of Sofia R. de Veyra, social worker, educator, secretary of the Asociacion Feminista and director of the Woman's Board of Saint Paul's Hospital. Died on January 1, 1953. 1891 Dr. Jose Rizal, in his essay "Filipinas Dentro de cien años," which appears for the first time in La Solidaridad at Madrid, exhorts Spain to give more rights to Filipinos, or she will surely lose the Philippines. 1896 A royal order is issued committing Rizal, to the garrison of Alhucemas, where he is to stay as a deportee. Skirmishes with Spanish forces takes place in Marikina, Muntinglupa and other points close to Cavite, with the Filipinos winning the engagements. The revolutionaries of San Mateo and Bosoboso joining forces with those of Binangonan, attack Cainta, and capture all the weapons and ammunition in the town hall. 1962 President Diosdado Macapagal issues an executive order implementing R.A. 2717, otherwise known as the Electrification Administration Act, to provide electricity to every town and reduce the cost of electric power for industrial development.
Published Thursday, September 29, 2005 by jafiti.
1762 Governor Rojo personally commands a surprise attack by 500 Filipinos and a number of Spanish residents on the British. 1898 The island of Burias is placed under the Revolutionary Government by General Ananias Diokno, its seat being in San Pascual. The first number of El Heraldo de la Revolucion is issued at Malolos, Bulacan. As the official publication, of the Malolos Congress, it prints and publishes the decrees, proclamations, and accounts of the proceedings of the Congress. The declaration of independence of the Philippines is ratified by the Revolutionary Congress at Malolos, Bulacan. Dr. T.H. Pardo de Tavera is appointed honorary member of the Board of Health of Manila by General Elwell S. Otis. 1900 Mabini prepares a memorandum to General MacArthur stating that independence is the ideal nearest to the hearts of the great majority of the Filipinos, "with the limitations imposed by the Americans and accepted by the Filipinos." 1901 In retaliation for the attacks and threats made by the American soldiers on the people of Balangiga, Samar, the townspeople attack them while they are having breakfast at their quarters in the convent house, killing 45 soldiers and 3 officers.
Published Wednesday, September 28, 2005 by jafiti.
1678 Juan Vargas begins his administration as governor-general of the Philippines. He rebuilds the College of Santa Potenciana in Manila. 1762 Father Miguel Brañas, O.S.A., chosen by the Governor to lead the Filipino troops from San Fernando to Bangcusay, succeeds in bringing into the city new reinforcements composed of 1,000 Tagalogs and 4,000 Pampangos. 1898 The President of the provisional government of Albay, Anacleto Solano, sends a message of adhesion to General Emilio Aguinaldo, President of the Philippine Republic. 1901 General Jacob H. Smith invades the province of Samar and carries out his famous order to burn and kill, evan children 10 years of age, and convert the unfortunate province into a "howling wilderness." This is the so-called "Balangiga Affair." 1910 Birth of Wenceslao Q. Vinzons, delegate to Constitutional Convention, governor of Camarinez Norte and patriot. He died on July 8, 1942. 1965 An eruption of Taal volcano kills about 2,000 persons, wipes out an entire barrio an destroys 10 other sitios.
Published Tuesday, September 27, 2005 by jafiti.
1800 A royal decree authorizes Admiral Ignacio Maria de Alava to establish a naval bureau in Manila with full command and jurisdiction of the navy in the Philippines. This bureau takes charge of the management of the Cavite shipyard, the construction of the vessel, and the naval defense of the Philippines. 1840 Birth of Cosme Abaya, a Roman Catholic Priest, one of the supporters of Father Jose Burgos in the secularization movement, in Candon, Ilocos Sur. Died on June 4, 1908. 1853 Birth of Benito Legarda, statesman, Vice-President of the Malolos Congress, member of the Philippine Commission, and one of the resident commissioners sent to the United States. Died on August 27, 1915. 1865 Birth of General Malvar, farmer, businessman, Batangas revolutionary leader and the last general to surrender to the Americans. Died on October 13, 1911. 1965 The Miguel Malvar Centenary Year is celebrated under the sponsorship of the National Historical Commission.
Published Monday, September 26, 2005 by jafiti.
1762 Archers from Pampanga, Bulacan and Laguna are employed by the Spanish government against the British invaders but to no avail. 1890 Filipino residents in Madrid send a Memorial to the government protesting the abuses of the Spaniards and friars in Calamba. 1898 Gregorio Araneta is appointed Secretary of Justice and Felipe Buencamino, Secretary of Development of the Aguinaldo Cabinet. The following leaders compose the Philippine military hierarchy: Emilio Aguinaldo, President; Baldomero Aguinaldo, Secretary of War; Antonio Luna, Director; Artemio Ricarted, Vito Belarmino, Emiliano Riegos de Dios – Generals of Division; Tomas Mascardo, Pantaleon Garcia, Mariano Llanera, Mariano Noriel, Isidro Torres, Miguel Malvar, and Paciano Rizal – Brigadier-Generals.
Published Sunday, September 25, 2005 by jafiti.
1879 Birth of Lope K. Santos, foremost Tagalog grammarian, writer, labor leader and politician, founder of Taliban ng Inang Wika and Kapatirang Alagad ni Bonifactio, Inc., in Pasig, Rizal. Died on May 1, 1963. 1898 The Filipino Congress assembles in the church at Barasoain to perfect the organization of the Filipino government. 1902 President Roosevelt orders the formulation of the Philippine Census Office. 1903 Simeon Arboleda Ola, revolutionary leader of Guinobatan, Albay, surrenders to Colonel Harry H. Banholtz. 1943 The National Assembly of the Japanese occupation government holds a general session to elect its Speaker and the President of the Republic. Benigno A. Aquino, is chosen Speaker and Jose P. Laurel, President.
Published Saturday, September 24, 2005 by jafiti.
1559 Convinced that the Philippines is situated within the Spanish zone marked out by the 1493 demarcation lines, Philip II, of Spain, decides to send one more expedition to the Philippines. He instructs the Viceroy of Mexico to fit out two ships for the purpose, insisting that the latter avoid sailing the ships to Moluccas. 1669 Manuel de Leon takes possession of the Philippines as new governor-general. During his time the seeds of "cacao" are brought to the Philippines and planted in Carigara, Leyte. 1716 Eruption of Taal Volcano 1762 After their demand for the surrender of Manila is rejected, the British troops attack and bombard the Walled City. From the bastion of San Diego and San Andres, Spanish guns retaliate throughout the day but without success. General Draper assures Filipinos and mestizos that they will not be harmed, unless they make common cause with the Spaniards in the fight, and promises to exempt women and children from tribute. 1856 Establishment of the town of Legazpi.
Published Friday, September 23, 2005 by jafiti.
1762 Two English officers land from the British squadron, which arrived on the 22nd, stating that they have orders from their King to take possession of the Islands and to demand the immediate surrender of the Spanish forces. Supported by naval artillery, they occupy the churches of Malate, Ermita, San Juan de Bagumbayan, and Santiago and all houses in the area. 1844 The Spanish King promulgates a royal order providing that only lawyers can be appointed alcaldes mayors. 1898 Felipe Agoncillo, special Philippine envoy, and his secretary Sixto Lopez, arrive in San Francisco on their way to Washington to confer with President McKinley regarding the Philippine case, which is to be discussed in the forthcoming peace conference in Paris. Evacuation of all Spaniards residing in the Bicol region. 1899 Aguinaldo publishes his pamphlet, the ""True Narrative of the Philippine Revolution" (Reseña Verdica de la Revolucion Filipina) in Tarlac. It is a litany of charges against the American occupation. 1943 The National Assembly meet in inaugural session at the Legislative Building in Japanese-occupied Manila.
Published Thursday, September 22, 2005 by jafiti.
1762 Spanish authorities in Manila are caught unaware by the arrival in Manila Bay of a British fleet jointly commanded by Admiral Samuel Cornish and General William Draper. 1774 By a royal decree the Beaterio de Santa Rosa is founded. Mother Paula de la Santisima Trinidad, a native of Cataluña, who arrived in 1750, dedicates herself to the education of girls and starts this foundation. The girls are taught reading and sewing. 1898 The Filipinos capture Albay, then march to Legazpi, forcing the Spaniards to flee. Some 1,500 Tagalogs land in Antique, bringing with them heavy artillery.
Published Wednesday, September 21, 2005 by jafiti.
1745 A Dominican friar, Juan de Arrechedera, a native of Caracas, and bishop-elect of Nueva Segovia, becomes ad interim governor of the Philippines. He quells the insurrection in Batangas and fortifies Manila and Cavite against the English. 1869 Governor Carlos Maria de la Torre entertains Filipinos at a reception in honor of the promulgation of the new Spanish Constitution in the Philippines. 1891 The Sultan and Datus of Buloung, Cotabato, inform the Spanish authorities that they are willing to acknowledge Spanish rule in their territories. The offer is accepted by the Military Commander of the Parang garrison, thus completing the pacification of the entire district. 1896 Tomas Remigio is arrested by the Spanish authorities because of his revolutionary activities. He is sentenced to 20 years' imprisonment and incarcerated in Barcelona and, later, in Cartagena, Spain. 1898 Dr. T. H. Pardo de Tavera, who is in favor of a Philippine Republic under American protection, says that he is the most ardent defender of that idea and its principal propagandist. 1899 General John C. Bates returns from Jolo after having stationed garrisons of one company each at Siasi and Tawi-Tawi. 1901 All Filipino prisoners in Guam, except Apolinario Mabini, his brother, Artemio Ricarted, and Aquilino Randeza, board the transport "Warren" and sail for Manila. 1944 American planes in great numbers bomb Japanese military installations in Manila and other parts of the Philippines.
Published Tuesday, September 20, 2005 by jafiti.
1763 Execution of Josefa Gabriela Silang, leader, after her husband Diego of a bloody revolt. 1855 A royal order is issued creating the Port of Zamboanga. 1898 Birth in Dingras, Ilocos Norte, of Josefa Escoda, social worker provider of food, clothing, medicine, and comfort to Filipino and American prisoners of war during the Japanese occupation of the Philippines. Died in January, 1945. 1907 Twenty miles of railway are opened for traffic in Cebu. 1924 Canonical coronation of the Virgin of Peñafrancia in Naga City. 1943 The election of the delegates to the Japanese-sponsored National Assembly takes place. One half of them are elected by provincial and municipal officials, who have to choose from the names submitted by the KALIBAPI. The other half is composed of provincial governors and city mayors, who under the new Constitution, are to be ex-officio members of the assembly.
Published Monday, September 19, 2005 by jafiti.
1829 Birth of Joaquin Pardo de Tavera, lawyer, doctor of Jurisprudence, professor and councilor of Administration of the Ayutamiento of Manila. Died on March 19, 1884. 1862 The Royal Commissary is created to undertake an extensive survey of conditions in the Philippines, particularly the problems besetting local civil administration. 1900 The Philippine Commission adopts a civil service system which makes appointments to government service dependent on the results of competitive tests.
Published Sunday, September 18, 2005 by jafiti.
1864 The Santa Isabel College, which was founded by the Hermandad de la Misericordia in 1634 for the support and education of orpan girls, is entrusted to the Sisters of Charity. 1870 The Colegio de Santa Isabel in Nueva Caceres, is founded by Rt. Rev. Francisco C. Cainza and named after Saint Isabel Queen of Hungary. 1891 El Filibusterismo a second novel by Jose Rizal, is printed in Ghent, Belgium. 1898 End of the Spanish politico-government in Catanduanes. 1902 A group of Nacionalistas confer with Governor Taft about the formation of a Democratic Party which will work peacefully for the independence of the Philippines. 1905 Arsenio Cruz Herrera, former delegate to the Malolos Congress, resigns from his position as member of the Municipal Board of Manila. 1935 The election of Manuel L. Quezon and Sergio Osmeña as President and Vice-President, respectively of the Commonwealth of the Philippines is announced by the Congress.
Published Saturday, September 17, 2005 by jafiti.
1871 Birth of General Francisco Makabulos, Revolutionary leader in La Paz, Tarlac. Died on April 30, 1922. 1898 Uprising of the Guardia Civil in Neuva Caceres. 1899 The gunboat Urdaneta is captured by the Filipinos and her commander and members of the crew killed. 1900 General Juan Cailles defeats Coronel Cheatham's troops in the Battle of Mabitac, Laguna 1901 The tariff laws of the Islands are revised, readjusted and amended. 1935 The first election under the new constitution of the Philippines is held. Manuel L. Quezon is elected President of the Commonwealth. 1944 Mindanao and Visayas, besides Legaspi and Ligao, both in Albay, experience air attacks from the American forces.
Published Friday, September 16, 2005 by jafiti.
1635 Death, in Manila, of Fr. Pedro Chirino, Jesuit, historian and author of Relacion de las Islas Filipinas, published in Rome, 1604, and one of the first history books on the Philippines. 1807 The Ilokanos of Piddig, Ilocos Norte, take up arms against the wine monopoly and the government prohibition of the manufacture of basi\, a native rice wine. The uprising was afterwards to be known as the Basi Revolt. 1896 Twenty-two prominent residents of Manila are imprisoned at Fort Santiago. They are Rosario Villaruel, Telesforo Chuidian, Mariano Limjap, Luis R. Yangco, Lorenzo del Rosario, Pedro Casimiro, Ambrosio Salvador, Bonifacio Arevalo, Maximo Paterno, Antonio Salazar, Juan Luna, Antonio Luna, Dr. Jose Luna, Isidro Soto Villaruel, Felipe Zamora, Numeriano Adriano, Ambrosio Flores, Dr. Jose Albert, Isaac Fernando Rios, Marcelino de los Santos, Ambrocio Rianzares Bautista, Nazario Constantino. A reign of terror takes place in the town of Nueva Caceres (now Naga City). 1898 Benito Legarda is elected Vice-President of the Malolos Congress. 1933 The first bishop of the newly created Diocese of Bacolod, Mons. Casimiro M. Lladoc, is consecrated at Naga, Camarines Sur.
Published Thursday, September 15, 2005 by jafiti.
1898 Representatives of the provinces meet at Barasoain Church, in Malolos, Bulacan, and convene the revolutionary Congress, which drafts the Constitution of the First Philippine Republic. La Republica Filipina, founded by Pedro A. Paterno, starts publication. The Filipino forces withdraw, as requested by General Otis, from the limits of the city of Manila, with exception of the districts of Paco and Pandacan, south of the Pasig river. 1902 The Government telegraph and telephone lines are transferred from the United States Signal Corps to the Civil Government and placed under the charge of the chief of the Philippine Constabulary.
Published Wednesday, September 14, 2005 by jafiti.
1592 A royal decree is issued prohibiting the Governors and the Captain-General from opening letters addressed to private persons. 1608 Shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu writes Governor Rodrigo de Vivero that in Japan, there are neither robbers nor bad men and that if the Japanese in the Philippines commit any form of injustice, Governor Vivero should put them to death. 1815 The historic galleon trade between the Philippines and Mexico is ended.
Published Tuesday, September 13, 2005 by jafiti.
1898 Emilio Aguinaldo sends General Elwell S. Otis a commission of three members to request the American commander to withdraw his ultimatum and to request, instead, compliance with Filipino demands. 1900 Colonel Maximo Abad and his brave band of Filipino guerillas capture a company of American soldiers under the command of Captain James Shields near Santa Cruz, Marinduque. 1907 Macario L. Sakay and Lucio de Vega, the last of the Filipino resistance fighters against the Americans, are hanged for "banditry".
Published Monday, September 12, 2005 by jafiti.
1720 The cornerstone of the church of Santa Ana, Manila, is laid by Francisco de la Cuesta, Archbishop of Manila. 1875 Birth of Mariano Riego de Dios, revolutionary leader, in Maragondon, Cavite. Died on February 7, 1935. 1891 Dr. Jose Rizal writes the poem En el Bello Oriente. 1896 Thirteen Filipinos are executed by the Spanish authorities at Plaza de Armas, near Fort of San Felipe, Cavite City. They are Maximo Inocencio, Luis Arguado, Victoriano Luciano, Hugo Perez, Jose Lallana, Antonio San Agustin, Agapito Conchu, Feliciano Cabuco, Maximo Gregorio, Eugenio Cabezas, Severino Lapidario, Alfonso de Ocampo, and Francisco Osorio. They are now know as the Thirteen Martyrs of Cavite. 1898 End of Spanish rule in Camarines Norte. American officials inform their government that it is no longer possible for Spain, under any circumstance, to regain possession of the Philippines, a point that is essential in determining whether a new, independent nation should be recognized. 1900 The Philippine Commission appropriates P2 million for the construction and repair of roads and bridges in the Philippines. 1907 An Act is passed providing for the segregation of lepers.
Published Sunday, September 11, 2005 by jafiti.
1632 The authorities of the city of Manila decide to prohibit the entry of all Portuguese from Macao. 1894 Birth of Concepcion A. Aguilla, educator, lawyer, in San Jose, Batangas. She died on December 16, 1958.
Published Saturday, September 10, 2005 by jafiti.
1763 Gabriela Silang fights a battle with the Spaniards in Vigan. 1875 Birth of Nicolas Zamora, founder of the Iglesia Evangelica Metodista de las Islas Pilipinas. 1898 The capital of the Revolutionary Government moves to Malolos, Bulacan, from Bacoor, Cavite, in view of the danger of an armed clash between the American forces and the revolutionaries. The American Soldier, a privately owned American newspaper in the Philippines founded by George S. Geis, publishes its first issue in Manila. American forces reconnoiter the vicinity of Sampaloc provoking General Pantaleon Garcia, who holds this particular line of defense, to report the matter to General Aguinaldo. He is ordered to ask the Americans to leave and to prepare to defend his line against any intrusion. With the Americans reportedly pressing forward north of the river towards Caloocan and La Loma, Aguinaldo authorizes resistance to secure these positions. Howard Bray writes Emilio Aguinaldo that General Merritt has intimated to him that the Revolutionary Government should occupy Visayas and Mindanao.
Published Friday, September 09, 2005 by jafiti.
1835 Pedro Antonio Salazar Castillo y Varona, native of Ibrillos (Rioja), Spain, and military officer, becomes ad interim governor. He endeavors to develop the cultivation of cotton and tea in the Philippines, but the experiment did not produce material result. 1878 Birth of Sergio Osmeña, Sr., journalist, nationalist, Speaker of the First Philippine Assembly and second President of the Commonwealth, in Cebu. Died on October 19, 1961. 1900 Emilio Aguinaldo invites the townpeople to a luncheon-meeting at the convent of Palanan and speaks to them of their patriotic duties especially with regards to the Americans.
Published Thursday, September 08, 2005 by jafiti.
1869 Birth of Vicente Ilustre, poet lawyer, propagandist, and patriot, in Taal, Batangas. He died in 1928. 1870 Birth of Adriano Hernandez, musician, delegate to the Malolos Congress, revolutionary general and first Filipino director of the Bureau of Agriculture (now Bureau of Plant Industry). Died on February 16, 1925. 1896 The steamer Isla de Panay, with Dr. Jose Rizal on board, reaches Singapore on its way to Spain and Cuba. Pedro Roxas, a Filipino revolutionary asks Rizal to leave the vessel and join him. Upon learning of Rizal's history as a radical, the Council of Ministers in Madrid decides to have him imprisoned at Montjuich Castle as soon as he arrives in Barcelona. 1898 General Otis demands the withdrawal of Filipino forces from the entire city of Manila, its suburbs, and defenses. 1902 The Philippine Commission certifies to the President of the United States that peace exists in the Philippines. The war between the Philippines and the United States is officially declared at an end, but the law against treason and sedition is not repealed. 1950 The diocese of Lucena, Quezon, is established. 1951 The San Francisco Peace Treaty between Japan and 48 Allied Powers, including the Philippines, is signed in San Francisco, California. 1954 The Southeast Asia Treaty Organization is organized with the United States, Great Britain, France, Australia, New Zealand, Pakistan, Thailand and the Philippines as members.
Published Wednesday, September 07, 2005 by jafiti.
1522 Sebastian del Cano arrives at San Lucar de Barrameda with only 18 men after sailing three years with Magellan. 1626 Death of Blas de la Madre de Dios, a Franciscan father, founder of the town of Morong, Rizal, and author of Flora de Filipinas, a dissertation on the medicinal properties of plants in the Philippines. 1840 Birth of Regino Garcia y Basa, artist, botanist and forester, instructor in printing at the University of Santo Tomas and director of walks and gardens and parks for Manila. Died on July 16, 1916. 1946 President Manuel A. Roxas signs RA. No. 14 which changes the name of Tayabas to Quezon, in honor of the late President Quezon.
Published Tuesday, September 06, 2005 by jafiti.
1834 A royal decree opens the Philippines and Manila to international trade. A royal decree abolishes the Royal Company of the Philippines which was created to encourage trade between Spain and Asian countries, particularly the Philippines and sought to stimulate the development of agriculture and extractive industries, and to carry on its ships, free of charge, professors of natural sciences and exact science coming to the Philippines. The company also bought oriental goods in Manila instead of buying them as it should have, in China or India directly in order to bring down prices. European vessels were allowed to enter Manila for a limited time so that they could bring more Asian goods, which was clear violation of Spain's monopolistic policy. Towards the end of its existence the company suffered financial losses. Because of this the Cortes abolished the company's exclusive privilege in 1820, and abolished the company itself on this date. 1900 Emilio Aguinaldo and his party arrive at Palanan and are enthusiastically welcomed by a large crowd and a brass band. 1901 By virtue of the Philippine Bill of 1902, the organization of the executive department is approved and ratified. 1955 The Laurel-Langley Agreement is approved by both the American and Philippine Governments following its conclusion by Senator Jose P. Laurel and James M. Langley on 15 December 1954. It is put into effect on 1 January 1946
Published Monday, September 05, 2005 by jafiti.
1843 A royal decree declares that the central government of the Philippines is composed of Manila, Fort Santiago, Fort San Antonio Abad and the Plaza de Cavite. 1865 A royal decree establishes the government monopoly on tobacco.
Published Sunday, September 04, 2005 by jafiti.
1813 Jose Gardoqui Jaraveita arrives in Manila and assumes the governorship of the Philippines. Several political uprisings occur, causing the government a great deal of trouble and worry. 1862 Birth of Rosalio Silos, musician composer, patriot and martyr. Died on December 29, 1896. 1896 The first of a series of executions at the Luneta is ordered by the Spanish government. Sancho Valenzuela, Eugenio Silvestre, Modesto Sarmiento, and Ramon Peralta are killed for complicity in the battle of San Juan del Monte. 1898 Emilio Aguinaldo issues an executive proclamation summoning the people to send delegates to the Congress to be held in Malolos, Bulacan, on 15 September. 1909 The first Filipino ever to be raised to an Episcopal seat, Bishop Jorge Barlin Imperial, of the See of Nueva Caceres, dies in Rome. 1943 In the thick of World War II, the Preparatory Committee on Philippine Independence headed by Dr. Jose P. Laurel adopts a Constitution for the Japanese-sponsored Republic of the Philippines.
Published Saturday, September 03, 2005 by jafiti.
1894 Birth of General Simeon de Jesus, hero of World War II, in Arayat, Pampanga. In Concepcion, Tarlac, birth of Benigno A. Aquino, lawyer, assemblyman and special Legislative envoy to Washington in 1932. Died on December 20, 1947. 1896 En route to Cuba Dr. Jose Rizal is transferred from the Spanish cruiser Isla de Panay and sails for Spain via Singapore. 1898 La Independencia, the periodical organ of the Revolution, is founded by General Antonio Luna, with Leon Ma. Guerrero, Cecilio Apostol, Jose Palma, Mariano V. del Rosario, Rosa Sevilla, Rafael Palma, Fernando Ma. Guerrero, Salvador V. del Rosario, and Felipe G. Calderon as staff members. 1899 The Spanish lyrics of the Philippine National Anthem are first published in La Independencia. Filipino police begin to patrol the city of Manila in cooperation with the provost guard. The new force includes many members of the old unit as well as some revolutionaries grown tired of fighting. 1945 General Tomoyuki Yamashita, the so-called "Tiger of Malaya" and Commander of the Japanese forces in the Philippines, formally surrenders in Baguio to the American forces. The capitulation document for the surrender of the Japanese Imperial Forces is signed by Yamashita and, on the part of the United States, by Major-General E. H. Leahey, personal representative of General Douglas MacArthur, in Tokyo.
Published Friday, September 02, 2005 by jafiti.
1559 King Philip II, on the advice of Andres de Urdaneta, orders Luis de Velasco, viceroy of Mexico, to prepare an expedition for the conquest and Christianization of the Philippines. 1802 Birth of Rosalio Serrano, surveyor and lexicographer. Died August 11, 1867. 1865 Birth of Simeon Ola, Katipunero, revolutionary army officer and municipal president of Guinobatan, Albay. Died on February 14, 1952. Birth of Estanislao de los Reyes, member of the Katipunan and governor of Ilocos Sur. Died on November 10, 1918. 1896 The revolutionary forces of Nueva Ecija, two thousand strong and led by General Mariano Llanera, besiege the Spanish garrison of San Isidro. Theirs leaders are on horseback, the revolutionaries were red ribbons and parade down the main roads to the music of the Cabiao band. Melchora Aquino, known as "Tandang Sora," is exiled to Guam for complicity with the Revolution. 1898 The First Battalion of the First Dakota Volunteer Infantry, disembarks at Manila. 1899 The revolutionaries make an unsuccessful attempt early in the morning to drive Colonel Smith's command out of Angeles with artillery, the first time in six months that they have attempted to use this weapon. They bring two Krupp guns from Porac and fire eight shells at the town. 1901 The Bureau of Public Lands is created for the administration of the public domain. 1945 The Pacific War ends as Japan formally surrenders.
Published Thursday, September 01, 2005 by jafiti.
1793 Rafael Maria de Aguillar y Ponce de Leon, Knight of the Order of Alcantara, and a military officer, assumes governorship of the Philippines. He strengthens fortifications, calls into service Filipino troops, introduces various reforms, and establishes a shipyard at Binondo to build boats for war with the Muslims. 1803 A royal decree is issued by King Charles IV ordering the use of smallpox vaccine in the Philippines. The office of Smallpox Vaccine is created by another decree, that of December 20, 1806. 1865 Founding of the Ateneo Municipal de Manila. 1869 Birth of Alejandro Albert, educator, pharmacist and the "Father of Baseball" in the Philippines. Died on December 20, 1936. 1888 The Revista Popular de Filipinas is published by Pascual H. Poblete. 1896 Dr. Pio Valenzuela submits to the Spanish authorities after having failed to see the chief executive in Malacañang. He is granted executive pardon; and freely discloses information concerning the Katipunan, its codes, its plans, and the identity of its leading members. The leaders of Kawit, Cavite, join the Imus bolomen under Jose Tagle in attacking and capturing the estate house of the friars and barracks of the civil guards in Imus. 1899 The Boletin de la Camara de Commercio Española en Filipinas is published. 1900 Its preliminary task as a fact-finding committee having come to an end, the Taft Commission begins its legislative and executive functions. 1901 Three outspoken pro-American Filipinos – Dr. Trinidad H. Pardo de Tavera, Benito Legarda, Sr., and Jose Luzuriaga are appointed members of the Philippine Commission. Four members of the Commission are made heads or secretaries of the Executive Departments by the President of the United States. These are: for Commerce and Police, Luke E. Wright; for Finance and Justice, Henry C. Ide; for Public Instruction, Bernard Moses; and for Interior, Dean S. Worcester. El Renacimiento, an anti-American daily, is published with Martin Ocampo as publisher and Rafael Palma as editor. The Philippine Normal College, established as a Normal School by Act No. 74 of the Philippine Commission, opens in the Escuela Municipal, Intramuros, Manila. The Philippine Constabulary detachment for Ambos Camarines is organized by Captain Edward S. Luthi and quartered in Nueva Caceres. 1909 The City of Baguio is founded. 1950 President Elpidio Quirino appoints Ramon Magsaysay Secretary of National Defense.