Historical Calendar. National Historical Institute, Manila, 1996.
1894 Birth of General Simeon de Jesus, hero of World War II, in Arayat, Pampanga. In Concepcion, Tarlac, birth of Benigno A. Aquino, lawyer, assemblyman and special Legislative envoy to Washington in 1932. Died on December 20, 1947. 1896 En route to Cuba Dr. Jose Rizal is transferred from the Spanish cruiser Isla de Panay and sails for Spain via Singapore. 1898 La Independencia, the periodical organ of the Revolution, is founded by General Antonio Luna, with Leon Ma. Guerrero, Cecilio Apostol, Jose Palma, Mariano V. del Rosario, Rosa Sevilla, Rafael Palma, Fernando Ma. Guerrero, Salvador V. del Rosario, and Felipe G. Calderon as staff members. 1899 The Spanish lyrics of the Philippine National Anthem are first published in La Independencia. Filipino police begin to patrol the city of Manila in cooperation with the provost guard. The new force includes many members of the old unit as well as some revolutionaries grown tired of fighting. 1945 General Tomoyuki Yamashita, the so-called "Tiger of Malaya" and Commander of the Japanese forces in the Philippines, formally surrenders in Baguio to the American forces. The capitulation document for the surrender of the Japanese Imperial Forces is signed by Yamashita and, on the part of the United States, by Major-General E. H. Leahey, personal representative of General Douglas MacArthur, in Tokyo.