Historical Calendar. National Historical Institute, Manila, 1996.
1813 Jose Gardoqui Jaraveita arrives in Manila and assumes the governorship of the Philippines. Several political uprisings occur, causing the government a great deal of trouble and worry. 1862 Birth of Rosalio Silos, musician composer, patriot and martyr. Died on December 29, 1896. 1896 The first of a series of executions at the Luneta is ordered by the Spanish government. Sancho Valenzuela, Eugenio Silvestre, Modesto Sarmiento, and Ramon Peralta are killed for complicity in the battle of San Juan del Monte. 1898 Emilio Aguinaldo issues an executive proclamation summoning the people to send delegates to the Congress to be held in Malolos, Bulacan, on 15 September. 1909 The first Filipino ever to be raised to an Episcopal seat, Bishop Jorge Barlin Imperial, of the See of Nueva Caceres, dies in Rome. 1943 In the thick of World War II, the Preparatory Committee on Philippine Independence headed by Dr. Jose P. Laurel adopts a Constitution for the Japanese-sponsored Republic of the Philippines.