Historical Calendar. National Historical Institute, Manila, 1996.

16 October

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Birth of Florentino Torres, jurist, and second chief justice of the Supreme Court, in Sta. Cruz, Manila.  Died on April 29, 1927.


General Primo de Rivera issues a decree calling for Filipino volunteers in all provinces of Luzon and the Visayas and in all districts of Mindanao.  These volunteers must be able-bodied and between the ages of 18 and 50.  They will be armed and equipped at the expense of the government and will receive reasonable salaries.


Emilio Aguinaldo, after conferring with an assembly of public officials, writes Mabini seeking advice on the practicability of sending a new peace commission and the wisdom of insisting on complete independence or compromising on a protectorate.


The first Philippine Assembly is inaugurated by the United States Secretary of War, William H. Taft.


In accordance with the provisions of the Jones Law, the new Philippine Legislature, consisting of an upper and a lower house or Senate and House of Representatives, meets for the first time.  Sergio Osmeña is elected Speaker of the House and Manuel L. Quezon, President of the Senate.


Governor-General Francis Burton Harrison creates the Council of State by Executive Order No. 37, to secure cooperation and harmony between the Department and the Legislature.  This body is composed of the Secretaries of Departments, the Senate President, and the Speaker of the House.  Its function is to advise the governor-general on important matters.


The Turtle Islands, part of the Philippines, by virtue of the Treaty of Paris of December 10, 1898 and leased by the Sultan of Sulu for many years to the British North Borneo Company is transferred to the Republic of the Philippines.

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