Historical Calendar. National Historical Institute, Manila, 1996.
1568 Gonzalo de Pereira, Captain-Mayor of the Portuguese, once more appears in Cebu at the head of ten powerful ships demanding the complete evacuation of the Spaniards. 1863 Birth of General Rafael Crame, first Filipino chief of Constabulary, in Malabon, Rizal. Died on January 1, 1927. 1870 At the instance of the Minister of the Ultramar, Segismundo Moret, the royal ruler of Spain decrees that the Tagalog dialect be taught at the Central University of Madrid. 1899 The first elections are held under the Negros Constitution. Melecio Severino is chosen Civil Governor, the first provincial governor to be elected under the American flag. Commander Cornwell sets out on a successful expedition to Orani, Bataan, a town near which the gunboat Urdaneta was sunk by the Filipinos. The Callao, Petrel, Helena, and Mindoro enter the river, and a party under Captain Franklin makes an examination of the Urdaneta, which is afterwards floated and repaired. The warships bombard Orani, setting the place on fire. 1900 The Cebuanos send to the Congress of the United States a Memorial, written by Juan Climaco, in favor of the Revolution and in which they beg the American Government to declare the Philippines independent. Those who signed the document were Florentino Rallos, Tomas Osmeña, Luis Flores, V. Toribio Padilla, P. Emiliano Mercado, P. Emiliano Veloso, Marcial Velez, Leoncio Mansueto, Timoteo Castro, Gregorio Gandiongco, P. Alejandro Espina, Juan Velez, Manuel Roa, Pedro Rivera Mir, Catalino Igno, Crispulo Rafols, the Director of La Justicia, Vicente Sotto, Alejandro Climaco, Amado Afable, Placido Cepeda, Anastacio Vidal, and many others.