Historical Calendar. National Historical Institute, Manila, 1996.
1603 The first Chinese revolt is quickly suppressed after many Filipinos from Quiapo and Tondo are killed. 1646 A Dutch-Spanish naval battle takes place off Corregidor ending in defeat for the Dutch. 1762 At dawn the Filipinos led by Manalastas, a Pampango leader, rush out of their encampment, and assault the British trenches in Manila. About 200 British soldiers are killed in the ensuing hand-to-hand combat. Archbishop Antonio Rojo convenes a Council of War, for the purpose of deciding the issue of surrendering or continuing the seemingly hopeless struggle against the British troops. 1796 The S.S. Astrea, the first American trading vessel to reach the Philippines under Capt. Henry Price, calls at Manila and takes a cargo of indigo, hemp, pepper, and sugar for the United States. 1822 The three regular delegates to represent the Philippines in the Spanish Cortes are sworn into office: Francisco Bringas y Toranco, Vicente Posadas, and Manuel Saenz de Vizmanos. 1844 A Royal decree is implemented abolishing the privilege of provincial chiefs to engage in trade in view of the abuses which arise from this commercial privilege to the detriment of Filipinos and Spaniards alike. 1863 Birth of Candido Iban, one of the donors of a small printing press to the Katipunan and one of the 19 martyrs of Capiz. 1898 General Vicente Lukban returns to the Philippines from Hongkong, where he and other revolutionaries were exiled. 1899 A company of soldiers in blue jackets and a company of marines from the Baltimore land at Bacoor, nine miles south of Manila, to help General Grant clear the Filipino forces from his front. 1900 Apolinario Mabini, the "Brains of the Revolution," who was captured by American soldiers in Cuyapo, Nueva Ecija in December, 1899, is released, upon orders of the American authorities, from imprisonment at the Anda Jail. He goes to live in Nagtahan. Destitute and unemployed, he is supported by his friends, Drs. Isidro de Santos and Aquilino Calvo. 1913 Enactment of the Underwood Tariff Law, which establishes free trade relations between the Philippines and the United States and abolishes Philippine export duties. 1916 General elections are held to choose the country's representatives to the newly established bicameral Philippine Legislature, composed of the Senate and the House of Representatives. 1921 End of the term of office of Francis Burton Harrison as Governor-General of the Philippines.