Historical Calendar. National Historical Institute, Manila, 1996.

19 October

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The Spanish Queen issues a royal decree authorizing the return of the Jesuits to the Phippines to handle the missions in Mindoro and Jolo.


Birth of Mariano Limjap, businessman and member of the Malolos Congress.  Died on March 4, 1926.


Antonio Luna is dismissed as director of the Municipal Laboratory of Manila because of his revolutionary activities.


The Universidad Literaria de Filipinas, the seat of highest learning of the Republic, is established in Malolos, Bulacan, with Dr. Joaquin Gonzales as its first President.  He is succeeded by Dr. Leon Ma. Guerrero.

General Elwell S. Otis writes the Secretary of War concerning actual conditions in the Philippines; "Situation somewhat improved.  Influence of Filipinos of education and property not desiring independent government, by hostile to Spain, gaining ascendancy in revolutionary councils.  Believe Spanish residents constantly plotting to inaugurate hostilities between our forces and Filipinos.  Freedom of pres permitted, but greatly abused.  Many articles published entirely devoid of truth; have no effect here.  Filipino authority crude… Aguninaldo moderately recognized."

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