Historical Calendar. National Historical Institute, Manila, 1996.
1582 A papal decree is issued for the foundation of an ecclesiastical province of the Dominican order in the Philippines. 1603 The Chinese retreat to the mountains of San Pablo, Laguna, and there make their last stand against the government forces consisting of 200 Spaniards, 300 Japanese, and 1500 Filipinos, under the command of Don Cristobal de Axqueta Moncha. 1863 Birth of General Artemio Ricarte "Vibora," revolutionary leader. Died on July 31, 1945. 1888 Inauguration of the first street-car service, pony-drawn, from Manila to Malabon, by Governor-General Valeriano Weyler. 1894 Andres Bonifacio presides over a meeting of Katipunan directors in Quiapo where Feliciano Jocson, treasurer of the Association, presents a record of the collections submitted to him by the representative-directors of the Supreme Council. 1898 Aguinaldo issues a decree appointing Fr. Gregorio Aglipay Military Vicar General thus makes Aglipay the official religious leader of the revolutionary government. 1906 An Act is approved for the election of the third member of provincial boards, and abolishing the position of provincial secretary. The sum of P1,134,000 is appropriated for the construction of sewers in the City of Manila. 1944 A famous promise of General Douglas MacArthur, "I shall return" is fulfilled when he and President Sergio Osmeña land in Leyte with the U.S. forces.