Historical Calendar. National Historical Institute, Manila, 1996.
1570 Legaspi reports to the Spanish King that Gonzalo Pereira, captain-general of the Portuguese, has again appeared at the Spanish settlement in the Port of Cebu and demolished its fortifications. 1887 In recognition of the progress made in Lipa, Batangas, a royal decree converts the town into a villa possessing special privileges. 1896 Camilio C. de Polavieja becomes Governor-General of the Philippines. The military courts become very active, and many Filipinos held as authors of the conspiracy are executed, among them Rizal; conflicts take place in the provinces of Manila, Bataan, Pampanga, and Batangas; publication of an amnesty and regiments of Filipino volunteers are organized. 1898 Gregorio Aglipay issues a letter to the Filipino clergy urging them to organize themselves into a cohesive body geared to the needs of the national emergency and to create a council which will ask the Pope to appoint Filipinos to all church positions from archbishop down to the lowest parish priest. The 69th Regiment stationed in Mindanao joins the Revolution in the company of the Engineer corps and some convicts from the penal colonies. 1901 The Bureau of Archives is established to take charge of the public records of the Insular Government. 1939 Francis B. Sayre succeeds J. Weldon Jones as Governor-General of the Philippines. 1944 U.S. Carrier Task Force attacks Luzon and Visayas. 1946 President Manuel A. Roxas approves Republic Act No. 73, calling for a plebiscite on March 11, 1947 to decide on the acceptance or rejection of the proposed amendment, popularly known as "Parity Amendment."